Confronting Barriers - Skin Color

Until 1947, the color of one's skin determined whether you could play in the majors. Only light-skinned Latin players were accepted until Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier, opening the door for those with darker skin who previously had only two options: Caribbean baseball or the Negro leagues.

"I never let the world hurt me. They used to call me terrible things. I let it go in one ear and out the other. On the outside, I just gave them my smile. My smile all the time." - Orestes "Minnie" Miñoso, who in 1949 became the first black Latin major-leaguer

The most celebrated big-league Latin star before integration, Adolfo "Dolf" Luque, winner of 194 games from 1914 to 1935, was the first Latin pitcher to win 20 games in a season and the first to pitch in a World Series.

Miguel "Mike" González (misspelled on card), a catcher for five teams from 1912 to 1932, extended his career as a respected big league coach with the St. Louis Cardinals until 1946.